Incisional hernia is a protrusion of tissue that forms at the site of a healing surgical scar. This type of of hernia accounts for 15-20 percent of all abdominal wall hernias.
The characteristic ”bulge” of an incisional hernia can be identified when you are standing upright or are performing physical activity, such as heavy lifting. Because incisional hernias typically occur at the front of the abdomen, they are considered a type of ventral hernia.
Surgery is necessary to push the protruding tissue back in place, remove any scar tissue, and adhere a surgical mesh on the hernia’s opening to prevent recurrence.
Both open (classic) and laparoscopic approaches can be applied. In both methods we usually use a synthetic material that is called ”mesh” .
The treatment option varies according to the patient’s additional diseases, the urgency of the situation and the size of the hernia. But we usually prefer laparoscopic approach if there is no evidence of absolute contraindication.