Pilonidal Sinus


What is a pilonidal cyst?

A pilonidal cyst is a lump that develops at the base of your tailbone on your lower back, right above your buttocks. In its early stages, you might mistake your pilonidal cyst for a large pimple. However, it can grow, become infected, and fill with pus to become a painful abscess.

Pilonidal cysts often start out as ingrown hairs, which are common in skin folds and areas with lots of friction. You’re at an especially high risk of getting a pilonidal cyst if you sit for long periods of time without moving, if you’re obese, or if you naturally sweat a lot in that region.

What are the symptoms of a pilonidal cyst?

Pilonidal cysts often start out symptomless. You might feel a small bump, but nothing more. If the cyst gets infected, you’ll notice more severe symptoms.

They may include:

  • Pain
  • Skin redness and warmth
  • Pus drainage
  • Blood drainage
  • A foul smell from the drainage
  • Fever

How are pilonidal cysts treated?

Surgical removal of the cyst with stiches to close the defect is one of the options.

The other option is destruction of the cyst with a laser probe whic is a safe and minimally invasive technique.

How can I prevent pilonidal cysts?

If you’ve had a pilonidal cyst, chances are you’d like to prevent yourself from getting another one in the future. To prevent new pilonidal cysts from forming

  • Practicing good hygiene
  • Losing weight
  • Getting more exercise
  • Avoiding long periods of sitting
  • Removing the hair in the region

You can’t always prevent a pilonidal cyst, but following these steps can reduce your chances of getting one.